Written by George Lazaridis (Centre for Research & Technology Hellas – CERTH)
The fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, brings many benefits, including the use of advanced technologies like the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, modern telecommunication systems, and automation in various industries. However, this also poses significant cybersecurity challenges. One of the most significant cybersecurity issues is the vast amount of data generated by connected devices that must be stored and processed securely. Another major cybersecurity challenge is the use of legacy systems, which can be vulnerable to cyberattacks. The increasing use of advanced AI and machine learning algorithms in Industry 4.0 presents new cybersecurity challenges, as these systems can be vulnerable to attacks such as data poisoning. Additionally, the interconnectedness of equipment and systems opens new channels for cyberattacks, such as supply chain attacks. Finally, the shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals is also a significant concern, and industries need to invest in training and education programs to develop the skills and expertise necessary to secure their systems and data.